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Pain disorders and variations in upper limb morphology in music students

Gavin Miller, Fiona Peck, J. Stewart Watson
From: Medical Problems of Performing Artists: Volume 17 Number 4: Page 169 (December 2002)

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Abstract: The aim of this study was to identify the incidence and prevalence of upper limb pain and dysfunction in music students and to see whether there was any relationship between upper limb pain and upper limb morphology. Ninety-two music students and 65 nonmusician controls were questioned regarding upper limb pain and both groups were examined for upper limb abnormalities. The results of the study demonstrated that music students were five times more likely to report an upper limb pain syndrome than controls. Upper limb pain was not related to morphological variations such as small, weak, or hypermobile hands or to the presence of an anomaly. Instead, the study showed that upper limb pain was associated with being a musician, the number of years playing an instrument, duration of practice periods, and previous injury

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