Medical Problems of Performing ArtistsMedical Problems of Performing Artists

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Application of Electromyography and Electromyographic Biofeedback in Music Performance Research: A Review of the Literature since 1985

James M. Kjelland
From: Medical Problems of Performing Artists: Volume 15 Number 3: Page 115 (September 2000)

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Abstract: The diagnostic application of electromyography (EMG) and the combination of EMG and clinical biofeedback (EMG-BF) have been shown to be effective in the assessment and management of muscle tension in a wide range of activities, including sports as well as music.1-4 However, not all applications of EMG-BF have been found to be successful; indeed, some of the early reports of the benefits have been debated and disputed since the earliest applications of the technology.5 It is the purpose of this paper to glean a profile of research applying EMG and EMG-BF to music performance since approximately 1985'the year of my own work in this area.6 The Siegel review2 includes some of the "classic" studies of the late 1970s and early 1980s (e.g., Basmajian, Irvine, Levee, Morasky, et al.), but none since 1984. Apparently relatively little research can be found since the late 1980s that utilizes EMG-BF in the training and/or remediation of problems with musicians' neuromuscular skills.

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