Medical Problems of Performing ArtistsMedical Problems of Performing Artists

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Validation of a Pain Questionnaire (SEFIP) for Dancers with a Specially Created Test Battery

Eva M. Ramel, Ulrich Moritz, Gun-Britt Jarnlo
From: Medical Problems of Performing Artists: Volume 14 Number 4: Page 196 (December 1999)

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Abstract: The aim of the study was to compare musculoskeletal pain reported by professional dancers on the Self-Estimated Functional Inability because of Pain (SEFIP) screening questionnaire with that which was found in a physical examination using a test battery (TB) designed for dancers. Twenty-eight volunteers from two of the major ballet companies in Sweden participated. The mean sensitivity and specificity of the SEFIP were 78% and 89%, respectively, but both varied for different body regions. Reasons for this are discussed. Overall, the SEFIP questionnaire shows good agreement with the actual pain found on physical examination. It could therefore be recommended as a screening instrument. Conclusive recommendations are that dancers who report a pain intensity on the SEFIP of = 2 should be offered a thorough physical examination by dance science professionals. However, the lowest reported pain might also be considered serious. When many dancers report similar types of pain, directors, teachers, and choreographers should look for a general problem in the training or choreography and try to find ways of adjusting such problems as part of an injury prevention effort.

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