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Momentum Transfer in Dance Movement'Vertical Jumps: A Research Update

Kenneth Laws Caren Petrie
From: Medical Problems of Performing Artists: Volume 14 Number 3: Page 138 (September 1999)

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Abstract: A number of dance movements require momentum transfer from one part of the body to another in order to be performed effectively. In a simple vertical jump, for instance, raising the arms during push-off allows the dancer to achieve greater height. An analysis of the timing of the vertical force exerted by the feet against the floor provides for a detailed understanding of the mechanical processes involved in achieving that greater height. Both an increase in the duration of the force and an increase in the magnitude of the force can contribute to the increased height; different dancers employ each technique differently, in ways that depend on body characteristics and can be associated with the aesthetic appearance of the movement.

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