Medical Problems of Performing ArtistsMedical Problems of Performing Artists

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Fundamental Frequency Changes in Singers and Non-singers Related to Menstruation

Karen Wicklund, Anthony Seikel, Rachel Dillman, Sara Flynn, Valerie Bond, Shawn Murphy, Heather Neal, Tiffanie Newton, Erin Hipp, Nicole Archambault, Carla Jones, and Kim Zarko
From: Medical Problems of Performing Artists: Volume 13 Number 3: Page 100 (September 1998)

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Abstract: The hormonal changes associated with the menstrual cycle have been related anecdotally to phonatory characteristics, although acoustical analysis does not always show significant change. Phonatory perturbation and mean habitual fundamental frequency (Fo) of 11 singers and 11 non-singers, aged 19 to 48 years, were measured using a Model 6700 Kay Visipitch with an IBM microcomputer. No difference was seen in perturbation relative to time in the menstrual cycle. Singers had higher habitual Fo overall for a reading task, but lower minima during premenstruation.

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