Medical Problems of Performing ArtistsMedical Problems of Performing Artists

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Psychosocial Factors at Work and Their Association with Professional Ballet Dancers' Musculoskeletal Disorders

Eva M. Ramel, Ulrich Moritz
From: Medical Problems of Performing Artists: Volume 13 Number 2: Page 66 (June 1998)

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Abstract: Seventy-six dancers at the Royal Ballet in Sweden were asked to fill out a questionnaire concerning musculoskeletal pain, work satisfaction, use of capacity, influences at work, social support, and muscular tension. The effects of various factors on the prevalence of pain among the 64 dancers who completed the form were analyzed. The results showed, among other things, that dissatisfaction with work (prevalence odds ratio [POR] 3.7, p 5 0.03) and muscular tension before performances (POR 4.2 p 5 0.03) were the factors most closely associated with incapacitating pain. Lower-body pain was associated with more general muscular tension (POR 5.4, p 5 0.05), while upper-body pain was not strongly associated with either psychosocial factors or muscular tension. Differences between men and women and between soloists and corps dancers are discussed.

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