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The Relationship between Age and Sex and Ballet Injuries

James G. Garrick, Ralph K. Requa
From: Medical Problems of Performing Artists: Volume 12 Number 3: Page 79 (September 1997)

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Abstract: Objective: To examine the relationship between age, sex, and ballet injuries. Design: A retrospective review of the medical records of injured ballet dancers. Setting: The dance medicine section of a multidisciplinary sports medicine clinic. Participants: Ballet dancers receiving medical care for 3,960 injuries. Results: 3,082 (77.8%) of the injuries occurred in females. 4.3% of the injuries occurred among dancers under 12 years of age; 32.4%, 12-17 years; 28.4%, 18-25 years; and 34.9%, 26 years and older. The most frequent injured area was the foot/toes, followed by the knee and ankle. 42% of the injuries were of the overuse (gradual-onset) variety. Overuse injuries of the knee, foot, and ankle were the three most common problems in every female age group, as well as the oldest male group. Conclusions: Neither age nor sex appeared to be an important variable associated with the onset, type, or location of injuries to ballet dancers

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