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Body Physique and Prior Training Experience as Determinants of SEFIP Score for University Dancers

Durdica Miletic, Damir Sekulic, Ljerka Ostojic
From: Medical Problems of Performing Artists: Volume 22 Number 3: Page 110 (September 2007)

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Abstract: The Self-Estimated Functional Inability because of Pain (SEFIP) questionnaire is a simple tool used to define the pain status in different body regions of performers in aesthetic sports. In this study we revalidated the SEFIP in a sample of nonprofessional female university dancers (n = 45; mean age, 22.3 yrs). The dancers were divided into two groups according to their previous experience in dance and aesthetic-based sports: experienced (n = 24) and nonexperienced (n = 21). SEFIP was measured before and after the 6-week dance and aesthetic-based training program. Morphologic variables were measured at study entry and included body weight, height, body mass index (BMI), calf circumference, sum of two skinfolds, and percent body fat. We analyzed 1) the differences between experienced and nonexperienced dancers in all variables, 2) pre- and post-training differences in SEFIP, 3) pre- and post-training differences in pain sensation for each body region, and 4) the prediction of the SEFIP score from morphologic variables in the experienced and nonexperienced subjects. Statistical analysis using the t-test found no significant differences between the groups but identified significant pre- vs. post-training differences in SEFIP in the sample taken as a whole. The nonparametric sign test showed a significant pre- to post-training decrease in pain sensation in the calf region. Multiple regression analysis revealed BMI as a significant predictor of the SEFIP, but only for the nonexperienced dancers. In order to avoid pain occurrence in university dancers, previous training of the calf, thigh, and back muscles is suggested, especially in those subjects with BMI >21 kg/m2.

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