Medical Problems of Performing ArtistsMedical Problems of Performing Artists

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Association Between Unstable Work and Occupational Wellbeing Among Artists in Finland: Results of a Psychosocial Survey

Katinka Tuisku, Pia Houni, Johanna Seppanen, Marianna Virtanen
From: Medical Problems of Performing Artists: Volume 31 Number 2: Page 104 (June 2016)

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Abstract: OBJECTIVE: Although artistic work is in transition, the occupational wellbeing of artists has been less studied than wellbeing among other workers. This study aimed to explore the relationship between work characteristics and occupational (psychosocial) wellbeing of artists. METHODS: A national questionnaire was sent to all artists (theatre artists, writers, and visual artists) reached by four major labor unions in Finland. Type of employment (permanent full-time work vs other), working field (own field of art vs other), regularity of working hours (regular vs irregular), and control of workload were assessed. The wellbeing outcomes were work engagement, recovery from work, and experience of stress and low mood. RESULTS: Full-time permanent employment, regular working hours, and working in one's own field of art were positively associated with work engagement. Furthermore, regular working hours were positively associated with recovery and negatively associated with subjective report of low mood. Ability to control workload was positively associated with recovery and negatively associated with stress and low mood. Higher age was associated with lower stress and better recovery. CONCLUSIONS: Artists with regular working hours, secure employment, ability to control workload, working in one's own field of art, and higher age reported better wellbeing in this study. The late stages of career appear to guarantee more stability and wellbeing than the more insecure beginning of a career.
http://dx.doi.org/10.21091/mppa.2016.2018

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