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Neuromuscular Re-Education Programs for Musicians with Focal Hand Dystonia: A Systematic Review

Ashley M. Enke, Gail A. Poskey
From: Medical Problems of Performing Artists: Volume 33 Number 2: Page 137 (June 2018)

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Abstract: OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this systematic review was to evaluate the effectiveness of neuromuscular re-education programs on reducing abnormal movements during instrument play in musicians with focal hand dystonia (FHD). METHODS: A systematic literature search of published articles was performed. Databases searched included MEDLINE, CINAHL, PsycINFO, OTseeker, and the Cochrane Library. Additional articles were identified from reference lists. Studies meeting inclusion criteria were independently assessed by the two coauthors for eligibility and quality of methods. Study data were summarized in a critical appraisal chart. RESULTS: Nine studies met the inclusion criteria for review, including 1 non-randomized two-group study, 6 single-group repeated measures studies, and 2 single-subject studies. The studied neuromuscular re-education programs included constraint-induced therapy plus motor control retraining, sensory motor retuning, learning- based sensorimotor training, and slow-down exercise. CONCLUSIONS: The results of this review indicate there is moderate evidence to support the effectiveness of neuromuscular re-education programs on reducing abnormal movements during instrument play in musicians with FHD. However, additional research should evaluate the effectiveness of neuromuscular re-education programs using reliable and valid outcome measures, as well as study methods which provide higher levels of evidence.
https://doi.org/10.21091/mppa.2018.2014

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