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Adult cortical plasticity and reorganization

Avi Karni
From: Science & Medicine: Volume 4 Number 1: Page 24 (February 1997)

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Abstract: Classic studies in cats generated four principles of functional malleability or "plasticity" in the developing visual cortex. They are the concepts of specificity, gating, consolidation, and the critical period. Recent studies of adult humans and monkeys revealed that the acquisition of skills, or procedural learning, seems to share many of the same chracteristics. Retention of a behaviorally relevant degree of plasticity by the adult cortex suggests new strategies for the regabilitation of skils, in which the slow time sourse, the need for many repetitions, and the specificity of the learning for simple parameters of the training experience are taken into account.

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